part b - activities, methods and resources

activities, methods and resources

I. Introduction

The activities in this part of the pack have been written for anyone working with young people (aged 14+) or adults in out of school or informal educational activities on issues of equality, racism, xenophobia, anti-semitism and intolerance.

This section is designed to be a flexible resource for use in a wide range of contexts. For example, you may be a youth worker, a group leader, seminar facilitator, member of a church discussion group, teacher or adult education tutor. You may work with the group on a regular basis or only occasionally, you may work in a small local group or with larger groups of people who do not know each other well, for example at a seminar. Your group may be single sexed or mixed, it may contain people of one culture, country or religion, or many. Whatever your situation there are guidelines to enable you to use and adapt the ideas and activities to you own needs and to the needs of the people in the group.

How to use the pack

The pack is designed to be as flexible as possible and how you wish to use it is up to you! Each activity could be used on its own, but we recommend that you put two or more together as part of a programme to explore the issues and take action.

Before you start we strongly recommend that you look through the whole pack to gain an overall picture of what's in it and what the possibilities for using it are. Read through part A to get acquainted with the rationale behind the exercises. In part A you will also find background information about the issues which will help you answer any questions which arise during discussions.

For convenience we have identified the activities according to four themes that follow a sequential educational process:

G activities will help create a good group atmosphere and reinforce communication skills and group dynamics.

I activities which work with the images we have of people from cultures, countries or social origins different from our own.
M activities which explore the social, economic, cultural or educational mechanisms that lie behind situations of discrimination, refusal, exclusion and marginalisation.
A activities which encourage people to act to bring about social change based on values of equality and the acceptance of 'difference'.

You may wish to plan to start with some actives working with images, then move on to others working on the mechanism of exclusion and then go on to explore ways of taking action. However, once you get started, and participants begin asking questions it might be more appropriate to think of the activities as part of a web which you can use in any order.

The aim has been to give a clear description of each activity and ideas for what you might do next. It must be emphasised that these are only guidelines and anyone using the pack should feel free to adapt and use the material to suit their own needs.

Whatever group you are working with it's most likely that your starting point will be something that is happening in your area or something that one of your group members is interested in. You should use ideas in the pack to help your members gain a better knowledge about the issues and empathy towards the people involved. However, understanding alone is not enough, it is important that we work towards building an intercultural society where diversity and difference are respected and the dignity of the individual is celebrated and promoted. This element of taking action is an important outcome of the activities in the pack. Knowing about the issues is not enough; we must try to be consistent also in our attitudes and actions. In this respect intercultural education should be seen as part of a wider education process around 'Education for Citizenship' with emphasis on values such as solidarity, tolerance, responsibility, courage and respect. It builds on, and contributes to, experiences in Human Rights, Peace and Global Education.

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