Definition of child as "every human being
below the age of eighteen years", unless the
national law considers majority attained at an earlier
The rights safeguarded in the Convention shall
be ensured without any discrimination of any kind.
In all actions concerning children the best interest
of the child shall be of primary consideration.
The state shall respect the responsibility, rights
and duties of the parents or extended family.
Every child has the inherent right to life
The child has the right to a name, to acquire
a nationality and to know and be cared for by its
The child has the right to identity and nationality.
The child has the right not to be separated from
its parents, except in its best interests and by
a judicial procedure.
The child has the right to express views on all
matters affecting him/her and the child's views
should be given due weight.
The child has the right to freedom of expression,
including the right to seek, receive and impart
information and ideas of all kind.
The right of the child to freedom of thought,
conscience and religion shall be respected.
The child has the right to freedom of association
and peaceful assembly.
No child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful
interference with his/her privacy, family, home
or correspondence; the child should be protected
from unlawful attacks on his/her honour and reputation.
The State shall ensure the right of the child
to access to information and material from national
and international sources
Parents have the prime responsibility for the
upbringing and development of the child.
The State shall take all legislative, administrative,
social and educational measures for the protection
of the child from all forms of physical or mental
violence, injury, abuse, neglect, maltreatment or
The child has the right to the highest attainable
standard of health care, with emphasis on primary
health care, the development of preventive health
The child has the right to benefit from social
The child has the right to a standard of living
which will allow physical, mental, spiritual, moral
and social development.
The child has the right to education. The State
shall make primary education compulsory and available
and free to all and encourage the development of
different forms of secondary education, make them
available to every child. School discipline shall
be administered in a manner consistent with the
child's dignity. Education should be directed to
the development of the child's personality, talents
and abilities, the respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms, responsible life in a free
society in the spirit of peace, friendship, understanding,
tolerance and equality, the development of respect
for the natural environment.
The child has the right to enjoy his/her own culture.
The child has the right to rest and leisure, to
play and freely participate in cultural life and
The child shall be protected from economic exploitation
and from performing work that is hazardous to his/her
life and development.
The child shall be protected from illicit use
of narcotic drugs.
The child shall be protected from all forms of
sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, the use of
children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual
practices, in pornographic performances and materials.
The State shall take all feasible measures to
protect and care for children affected by armed
Every child accused of having committed an offence
or crime should be guaranteed to be presumed innocent
until proven guilty, to have legal assistance in
presenting his/her case, not to be compelled to
give testimony or to confess guilt, to have his/her
privacy fully respected, to be dealt with in a manner
appropriate to their age, circumstances and well-being.
Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment
without possibility of release shall be imposed
for offences committed by children below the age