Cultural Rights (1966), together with the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), make
up the International Bill of Human Rights. In accordance
with the Universal Declaration, the Covenants Òrecognize
that "... the ideal of free human beings enjoying
civil and political freedom and freedom from fear
and want can be achieved only if conditions are
created whereby everyone may enjoy his civil and
political rights, as well as his economic, social
and cultural rights."
All peoples have the right of self-determination,
including the right to determine their political
status and freely pursue their economic, social
and cultural development.
Each State Party undertakes to take steps to the
maximum of its available resources to achieve progressively
the full realization of the rights in this treaty.
Everyone is entitled to the same rights without
discrimination of any kind.
The States undertake to ensure the equal right
of men and women to the enjoyment of all rights
in this treaty.
Limitations may be placed on these rights only
if compatible with the nature of these rights and
solely for the purpose of promoting the general
welfare in a democratic society.
No person, group or government has the right to
destroy any of these rights.
Everyone has the right to work, including the
right to gain one's living at work that is freely
chosen and accepted.
Everyone has the right to just conditions of work;
fair wages ensuring a decent living for himself
and his family; equal pay for equal work; safe and
healthy working conditions; equal opportunity for
everyone to be promoted; rest and leisure.
Everyone has the right to form and join trade
unions, the right to strike.
Everyone has the right to social security, including
Protection and assistance should be accorded to
the family. Marriage must be entered into with the
free consent of both spouses. Special protection
should be provided to mothers. Special measures
should be taken on behalf of children, without discrimination.
Children and youth should be protected from economic
exploitation. Their employment in dangerous or harmful
work should be prohibited. There should be age limits
below which child labor should be prohibited.
Everyone has the right to an adequate standard
of living for himself and his family, including
adequate food, clothing and housing. Everyone has
the right to be free from hunger.
Everyone has the right to the enjoyment of the
highest attainable standard of physical and mental
Everyone has the right to education. Primary education
should be compulsory and free to all.
Those States where compulsory, free primary education
is not available to all should work out a plan to
provide such education.
Everyone has the right to take part in cultural
life; enjoy the benefits of scientific progress.